STAR is the New York State School Tax Relief Program that provides a partial exemption from, or credit for school property taxes for owner-occupied primary residences of one, two and three-family homes, farm homes, condominiums, cooperative apartments or multiple-use properties of which a portion is used by the owner as a primary residence.
Several years ago, New York State enacted major changes to the STAR program by closing the STAR tax exemption to new applicants and initiating a separate STAR tax credit for new enrollees. New STAR program participants now receive their STAR cost savings in the form of a check issued by the New York State Department of Taxation and Finance (NYSDTF), and not in a reduced school tax bill. Homeowners who were already receiving the STAR tax exemption continued to see their savings deducted from their school tax bill.
If Your Income is More than $250,000: The STAR Program is Changing for You
New York State recently altered the STAR program, lowering the maximum income limit for the Basic STAR tax exemption to $250,000.
Beginning with the October 2019/2020 school tax bill, the state will automatically switch current Basic STAR tax exemption participants with a household income greater than $250,000 and less than or equal to $500,000 to the STAR tax credit. Current Basic STAR exemption enrollees with a household income greater than $250,000 will no longer see the STAR savings directly on their school property tax bill, but will instead receive a check mailed from the state for their STAR benefit. Homeowners need not register again unless a change is made to their deed. As long as the homeowner remains eligible, they will continue to receive a check for their STAR benefits in future years.
Homeowners impacted by this change will be notified directly by New York State and need not take any action unless instructed to do so. Homeowners who pay their school taxes through a mortgage escrow account may wish to advise their lender that they have been switched from the STAR exemption to the STAR credit.
If Your Income is $250,000 or Less: You Have the Option to Switch to the STAR Credit
If you are currently receiving the Basic or Enhanced STAR tax exemption and your household income is $250,000 or less, you need not take any action; you will continue to receive a reduced school tax bill as long as you remain eligible. You do, however, have the option to switch to the STAR tax credit, which may provide a greater benefit.
For those who choose to keep their STAR tax exemption, the savings on their school tax bill will be frozen and will never be greater than the previous year's savings amount. STAR tax credit enrollees may see annual increases of up to 2%. Please note, if you choose to switch to the STAR tax credit, the state will not allow you to switch back to the STAR tax exemption in the future.
Basic STAR has been extended to all primary residence homeowners, regardless of age. The total annual household income of the owners and their spouses who primarily reside at the property must not exceed $500,000.
Eligible senior citizens may receive reduced school taxes under Enhanced STAR. All owners must be at least 65 years of age in the year that the benefit takes effect. If owners are spouses or siblings, only one resident owner must be at least 65. Their household income limit for the 2022 school year must not exceed $92,000. The income limit applies to the combined incomes of all owners (residents and non-residents), and any owner's spouse who resides at the property.
Mandatory Enhanced STAR Income Verification Program (IVP)
New York State is responsible for determining income eligibility for qualifying Enhanced STAR applications annually. Property owners who are currently receiving the Basic STAR exemption and are applying for the Enhanced STAR exemption, and those who are already receiving the Enhanced Star exemption, but who did not register for the Income Verification Program, must submit an IVP application (Form RP-425-IVP), along with an Enhanced STAR application, to the Nassau County Department of Assessment.
Income eligibility for the 2022/2023 school tax year is based on household income information for 2020. Income is defined as the amount reported as Federal "Adjusted Gross Income" (AGI), less any "taxable amount" of IRA distributions.
Homeowners who own more than one residential property may only receive the STAR benefit on their primary residence, and cannot receive both the STAR credit and the exemption. The Department of Assessment or New York State may request proof of residency.
Special Eligibility Rules
Special eligibility rules apply for surviving spouses, nursing home residents, trusts, and life estates. View more details online.
Changes to Deeds
Residents should contact the Department of Assessment before changing the name on their deed or certificate of shares and before changing their primary residence, as the exemption status may be impacted.
STAR applications must be postmarked or received by the Taxable Status Date of January 3, 2022.